Fort Bowie National Historic Site NPS Cultural Landscape Report

Cultural Landscape Report (National Parks Service Document)

View of Second Fort Bowie from Overlook Ridge

View of Second Fort Bowie from Overlook Ridge


  • Helen Erickson, Project Director, Heritage Conservation Program
  • Rebecca Shaw, MLA Student

Community Partners and Resources

  • National Parks Service
  • Fielding Link as Regional Historical Landscape Architect and
    Amy Cassidy as Interpretive Park Ranger at Fort Bowie

Project Details

Budget: $89,243; funded by National Parks Service

Where: Cochise County, Arizona

When: January 2020 - present

Project Overview

From 1862 until 1894 Fort Bowie played a major part in the conflict between the United States and the Chiricahua Apaches. It was from here in 1886 that Geronimo and his defeated warriors were deported to Florida. Listed as a National Historic Landmark in 1960, it was interpreted as a stabilized ruin, to be approached on foot by means of a trail with a significant elevation gain. This cultural landscape report acknowledges the importance of the military history of Fort Bowie, but the larger focus is directed elsewhere – to the topography and hydrology that supported the Apache hunting and gathering economy and to the role of nearby Apache Pass as the main route between Tucson and the cities of New Mexico. 

Project Gallery

Click image to view larger size and begin slideshow: